The language I chose to present is Ido. It is a new language for me and I never see it before. The reason I chose this language is that when I looked through A-Z index, it is the only language that I can read. Although I had a wrong pronunciation at first, I found it is an interesting language.
Unlike other languages developed from many years ago, Ido is an international auxiliary language. And also, it is a simplify version of Esperanto. In fact, “ido” in Esperanto means “offspring”. In addition, they are both international auxiliary language. Recently, with unequal development of culture, economy and political, some languages are very popular among worlds which threaten other languages. Therefore, some people came up with the idea that why not created an additional language rather than replace native language. With this idea, Esperanto created and 20 years later Ido created in 1907. However, it declined in popularity in 1914 of one of its most influential proponents, Louis Couturat died.
Ido is related to Esperanto also other languages. The main reforms in Ido are in orthography – no diacritics are used. Also, it reformed in gender-neutral nouns with optional endings to indicate gender, and a gender-neutral third person pronoun. Ido eliminated the need for adjectives to ‘agree’ with the nouns they qualify and eliminated some difficult consonant clusters, such as ksc and kz. Ido uses the same 26 letters as the English (Latin) alphabet with no diacritics. It draws its vocabulary from French, Italian, Spanish, English, German, and Russian, and is largely intelligible to those who have studied Esperanto.
I found Ido was created by Europeans, borrowed words from Europe, and speak most in Europe. How can Jared Diamond’s theory explains this? In my opinion, Europe countries share same latitude with Fertile Crescent, so they have advantages in development from many years ago. Now they have higher development in economy and political. Therefore, they want to expand their power. And an international auxiliary is helpful for them to trade and communication. As a result, European created it and want to expand the use of Ido.